The Buttermilk Creek Complex and the Origins of Clovis at the Debra L. Friedkin Site, Texas

TitleThe Buttermilk Creek Complex and the Origins of Clovis at the Debra L. Friedkin Site, Texas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWaters MR, Forman SL, Jennings TA, Nordt LC, Driese SG, Feinberg JM, Keene JL, Halligan J, Lindquist A, Pierson J, Hallmark CT, Collins MB, Wiederhold JE
JournalScience
Volume331
Pagination1599-1603
Abstract

Compelling archaeological evidence of an occupation older than Clovis ( 12.8 to 13.1 thousand years ago) in North America is present at only a few sites, and the stone tool assemblages from these sites are small and varied. The Debra L. Friedkin site, Texas, contains an assemblage of 15,528 artifacts that define the Buttermilk Creek Complex, which stratigraphically underlies a Clovis assemblage and dates between  13.2 and 15.5 thousand years ago. The Buttermilk Creek Complex confirms the emerging view that people occupied the Americas before Clovis and provides a large artifact assemblage to explore Clovis origins.

URLhttp://www.sciencemag.org/content/331/6024/1599.abstract
DOI10.1126/science.1201855